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Strain Species Genotype
AD319 C. elegans spe-38(syb6556[spe-38::wrmScarlet-I]) I; him-5(e1490) V. Show Description
wrmScarlet-I tag inserted into endogenous spe-38 locus. Him. wrmScarlet-I expression labels membranous organelles (MOs) in the sperm. Reference: Zuo Y, et al. Biomolecules. 2023; 13(4):623. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom13040623
CER620 C. elegans ubh-4(cer68[ubh-4::eGFP]) rpn-9(cer203[rpn-9::wrmScarlet]) II Show Description
eGFP tag inserted into endogenous ubh-4 locus. wrmScarlet tag inserted into endogenous rpn-9 locus. Reference: Martinez-Fernandez C, et al. Cells. 2023 Mar 18;12(6):929. doi: 10.3390/cells12060929. PMID: 36980270
CF4639 C. elegans glh-1(sam140[glh-1::T2A::wrmScarlet(1-10)]) I; fib-1(mu498[wrmScarlet11::fib-1]) V. Show Description
fib-1(mu498[wrmScarlet11::fib-1]) generated via CRISPR/Cas9 insertion into parental strain DUP237; transgene contains a linker between wrmScarlet11 and fib-1. Endogenous fib-1 detectable in the germline. T2A::wrmScarlet(1-10) fused to the C-terminus of endogenous GLH-1. The T2A self-cleaving peptide separates wrmScarlet(1-10) from GLH-1 post-translationally so that wrmScarlet(1-10) disperses throughout germ cell nuclei and cytoplasm. wrmScarlet(1-10) is also maternally loaded into embryos, where it persists through early and mid-embryonic development. Reference: Goudeau J, et al. bioRxiv 2020.07.02.185249; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.02.185249. Goudeau J, et al. Genetics. 2021 Apr; 217(4): iyab014. PMID: 33693628.
CGC102 C. elegans mir-61(umn14[lox2272 + myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) V. Show Description
mir-61 pre-miRNA deletion strain deletion allele in which mir-61 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Generated in parental strain N2. Rollers. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC103 C. elegans mir-61(umn15[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I + lox2272]) V. Show Description
mir-61(umn15[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I + Lox2272]) V. Derived by CRE-meditated excision of SEC in parental strain CGC102, leaving myo-2p::wrmScarlet.
CGC104 C. elegans mir-61(umn16[lox2272]) V. Show Description
Derived by CRE-meditated excision of SEC and myo-2p::wrmScarlet in parental strain CGC102, leaving disrupted mir-61 locus.
CGC110 C. elegans mir-250(umn21[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272)] V. Show Description
mir-250 pre-miRNA deletion strain deletion allele in which mir-250 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC111 C. elegans mir-250(umn22[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I + lox2272)] V. Show Description
Derived by CRE-meditated excision of SEC in parental strain CGC110, leaving myo-2p::wrmScarlet.
CGC112 C. elegans mir-250(umn23[lox2272]) V. Show Description
Derived by CRE-meditated excision of SEC and myo-2p::wrmScarlet in parental strain CGC110, leaving disrupted mir-250 locus.
CGC113 C. elegans mir-61&mir-250(umn24[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272)] V. Show Description
mir-61&mir-250 pre-miRNA deletion strain deletion allele in which mir-61&mir-250 pre-miRNAs were replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC114 C. elegans mir-61&mir-250(umn25[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I + lox2272)] V. Show Description
Derived by CRE-meditated excision of SEC in parental strain CGC113, leaving myo-2p::wrmScarlet.
CGC115 C. elegans mir-61&mir-250(umn26[lox2272]) V. Show Description
Derived by CRE-meditated excision of SEC and myo-2p::wrmScarlet in parental strain CGC113, leaving disrupted mir-61&mir-250 loci.
CGC120 C. elegans mir-792(umn31[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) V. Show Description
mir-792 pre-miRNA deletion strain deletion allele in which mir-792 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC121 C. elegans mir-785(umn32[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) X. Show Description
mir-785 pre-miRNA deletion strain deletion allele in which mir-785 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC122 C. elegans mir-392(umn33[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) X. Show Description
mir-392 pre-miRNA deletion strain deletion allele in which mir-392 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC123 C. elegans mir-57(umn34[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) II. Show Description
mir-57 pre-miRNA deletion strain deletion allele in which mir-57 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC131 C. elegans mir-248(umn41[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) X. Show Description
mir-248 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-248 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC132 C. elegans mir-356(umn42[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) III. Show Description
mir-356 pre-miRNA deletion strain deletion allele in which mir-356 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC141 C. elegans mir-1821(umn48[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) V. Show Description
mir-1821 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-1821 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC142 C. elegans mir-359(umn49[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) V. Show Description
mir-359 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-359 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC143 C. elegans mir-1021(umn50[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) IV. Show Description
mir-1021 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-1021 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC144 C. elegans mir-1022(umn51[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) X. Show Description
mir-1022 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-1022 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC145 C. elegans mir-1824(umn52[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) X. Show Description
mir-1824 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-1824 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC146 C. elegans mir-800(umn53[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) X. Show Description
mir-800 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-800 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC147 C. elegans mir-1818(umn54[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272])I. Show Description
mir-1818 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-1818 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC148 C. elegans mir-47(umn55[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272])I. Show Description
mir-47 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-47 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC149 C. elegans mir-81(umn56[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272])I. Show Description
mir-81 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-81 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC150 C. elegans mir-1829.3&F39B1.3(umn57[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272])X. Show Description
mir-1829.3 pre-miRNA & F39B1.3 deletion allele in which mir-1829.3 pre-miRNA & F39B1.3 was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC151 C. elegans mir-1829.2(umn58[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) X. Show Description
mir-1829.2 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-1829.2 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
CGC154 C. elegans mir-4812(umn61[lox2272 myo-2p::wrmScarlet + lox511I sqt-1(d) hsp::CRE HygR lox511I + lox2272]) X. Show Description
mir-4812 pre-miRNA deletion allele in which mir-1824 pre-miRNA was replaced by myo-2p::wrmScarlet. Rollers. Generated in parental strain N2. [NOTE: Low levels of Cre activity can lead to excision of the SEC, causing the strain to lose the Roll phentoype. Pick Rollers to retain full transgene cassette.]
DUP237 C. elegans glh-1(sam140[glh-1::T2A::wrmScarlet(1-10)]) I. Show Description
T2A::wrmScarlet(1-10) fused to the C-terminus of endogenous GLH-1. The T2A self-cleaving peptide separates wrmScarlet(1-10) from GLH-1 post-translationally so that wrmScarlet(1-10) disperses throughout germ cell nuclei and cytoplasm. wrmScarlet(1-10) is also maternally loaded into embryos, where it persists through early and mid-embryonic development. Proteins tagged with the 18aa wrmScarlet(11) sequence will bind wrmScarlet(1-10) in the germline and early embryo to emit wrmScarlet fluorescence. Broods from DUP237 are similar to wild-type at permissive and restrictive temperatures. Transgene tag was inserted by CRISPR/Cas9 in an N2 background. Reference: Goudeau J, et al. Genetics. 2021 Apr; 217(4): iyab014. PMID: 33693628.
JH3904 C. elegans tdp-1(ax4546[tdp-1::wrmScarlet]) II. Show Description
wrmScarlet is inserted at the C-terminus of the endogenous tdp-1 locus. Reference: Thomas et al. 2022. Cytoplasmic nucleoporin foci are stress-sensitive, non-essential condensates in C. elegans
JH3906 C. elegans ran-2(ax4545[ran-2::wrmScarlet]) III. Show Description
wrmScarlet is inserted at the C-terminus of the endogenous ran-2 locus. Reference: Thomas et al. 2022. Cytoplasmic nucleoporin foci are stress-sensitive, non-essential condensates in C. elegans
JH4201 C. elegans npp-11(ax4547[npp-11::wrmScarlet]) I. Show Description
wrmScarlet is inserted at the C-terminus of the endogenous npp-11 locus. Reference: Thomas et al. 2022. Cytoplasmic nucleoporin foci are stress-sensitive, non-essential condensates in C. elegans
JH4202 C. elegans npp-22(ax4549[npp-22::wrmScarlet]) V. Show Description
wrmScarlet is inserted at the C-terminus of the endogenous npp-22 locus. Reference: Thomas et al. 2022. Cytoplasmic nucleoporin foci are stress-sensitive, non-essential condensates in C. elegans
MSB555 C elegans twk-16(syb2541[wrmScarlet::degron::twk-16]) X. Show Description
wrmScarlet::degron tag inserted into the N-terminus of the endogenous twk-16 locus using CRISPR. wScarlet::TWK-16 expression in DVA and some neurons around the nerve ring. Reference: Das R, et al. Sci Adv. 2021 Sep 17;7(38):eabg4617. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.abg4617. PMID: 34533987
MSB861 C. elegans mirSi16 II; mirIs76; mirEx69. Show Description
mirSi16 [flp-18p::lox2272::BFP::tbb-2 3'UTR::lox2272::ChR2-HRDC::SL2::jRGECO1a::unc-54 3'UTR + Cbr-unc-119(+)] II. mirIs76 [sra-6p::ChRmine::wrmScarlet::let-858 3UTR + sra-6p::TeNL]. mirEx69 [gpa:14p::CRE + unc-122p::mCherry]. Mantain by picking animals with mCherry+ coelomycetes. Blue in flp-18 expressing neurons. Expression of ChRmine, wrmScarlet and calcium sensitive (Kd 250 nM) teal nanolantern (TeNL) in ASH and PVQ. Expression of ChR2-HRDC and jRGECO1a expression in AVA (instead of BFP). Reference: Porta-de-la-Riva M, et al. Nat Methods. 2023 May;20(5):761-769. doi: 10.1038/s41592-023-01836-9. PMID: 37024651.
PHX5400 C. elegans golg-5(syb5400[golg-5::wrmScarlet]) I. Show Description
wrmScarlet tag inserted at the C-terminus of the endogenous golg-5 locus by CRISPR. Broad punctate expression. Allele generated by SUNY Biotech. Please contact Oliver Hobert prior to publishing work using this strain.
PHX6547 C elegans golg-4(syb6547[wrmScarlet::golg-4]) III. Show Description
wrmScarlet tag inserted at the N-terminus of the endogenous golg-4 locus by CRISPR. Broad punctate wrmScarlet expression. Allele generated by SUNY Biotech. Please contact Oliver Hobert prior to publishing work using this strain.
PHX6680 C elegans golg-2(syb6680[wrmScarlet::golg-2]) II. Show Description
wrmScarlet tag inserted at the N-terminus of the endogenous golg-2 locus by CRISPR. Broad punctate wrmScarlet expression. Allele generated by SUNY Biotech. Please contact Oliver Hobert prior to publishing work using this strain.
PHX7380 C. elegans cone-1(syb7380[wrmScarlet::cone-1]) III. Show Description
Broad puncate expression in non-neuronal cells, later expression initiatiated ~1.5-2 fold stage. wrmScarlet tag inserted at the N-terminus of the endogenous cone-1 locus by CRISPR. Allele generated by SUNY Biotech. Please contact Oliver Hobert prior to publishing work using this strain.
PS8459 C. elegans syIs589. Show Description
syIs589 [15xUAS::wrmScarlet::let-858 3'UTR + ttx-3p::RFP + 1kb DNA ladder (NEB)] mScarlet cGAL effector.
RAF2181 C. elegans ieSi57 II; daf-2(bch-40[degron::3xFLAG::STOP::SL2::SV40::degron::wrmScarlet::egl-13NLS]) unc-119(ed3) III. Show Description
ieSi57 [eft-3p::TIR1::mRuby::unc-54 3'UTR + Cbr-unc-119(+)] II. Degron tag inserted into endogenous daf-2 locus. ieSi57 is a single-copy transgene insertion into chromosome II (oxTi179) expressing modified Arabidopsis thaliana TIR1 tagged with mRuby in the soma. This strain can be used for auxin-inducible degradation (AID) of target proteins in somatic tissues. Reference: Venz R, et al. Elife. 2021 Sep 10;10:e71335. doi: 10.7554/eLife.71335. PMID: 34505574.
WBM1133 C. elegans wbmIs63 I. Show Description
wbmIs63 [myo-3p::3XFLAG::wrmScarlet::unc-54 3'UTR *wbmIs61] (I:2851000). Superficially wild-type. SKI LODGE system allows for CRISPR knock-in of single-copy transcripts downstream of a tissue-specific promoter. wbmIs63 exhibits muscle-specific wrmScarlet expression driven the myo-3 promoter. Derived from parental strain WBM1126 by CRISPR-mediated insertion of wrmScarlet downstream of tissue-specific myo-3 promoter inserted as a single copy into the C. elegans genome (wbmIs61). Reference: Silva-García CG, et al. G3 (Bethesda). 2019 Jul 9;9(7):2195-2198.
WBM1143 C. elegans wbmIs67 V. Show Description
wbmIs67 [eft-3p::3XFLAG::wrmScarlet::unc-54 3'UTR *wbmIs65] (V:8645000). Superficially wild-type. SKI LODGE system allows for CRISPR knock-in of single-copy transcripts downstream of a tissue-specific promoter. wbmIs67 exhibits soma-specific wrmScarlet expression driven the eft-3 promoter. Derived from parental strain WBM1140 by CRISPR-mediated insertion of wrmScarlet downstream of tissue-specific eft-3 promoter inserted as a single copy into the C. elegans genome (wbmIs65). Reference: Silva-García CG, et al. G3 (Bethesda). 2019 Jul 9;9(7):2195-2198.
WBM1144 C.elegans wbmIs68 IV. Show Description
wbmIs68 [rab-3p::3XFLAG::wrmScarlet::unc-54 3'UTR *wbmIs66] (IV:5015000). Superficially wild-type. SKI LODGE system allows for CRISPR knock-in of single-copy transcripts downstream of a tissue-specific promoter. wbmIs68 exhibits neuron-specific wrmScarlet expression driven the rab-3 promoter. Derived from parental strain WBM1141 by CRISPR-mediated insertion of wrmScarlet downstream of tissue-specific rab-3 promoter inserted as a single copy into the C. elegans genome (wbmIs66). Reference: Silva-García CG, et al. G3 (Bethesda). 2019 Jul 9;9(7):2195-2198.
WBM1214 C. elegans wbmIs88 V. Show Description
wbmIs88 [eft-3p::3XFLAG::dpy-10::SL2::wrmScarlet::unc-54 3'UTR, *wbmIs67]. (V:8645000). Superficially wild-type. SKI LODGE system allows for CRISPR knock-in of single-copy transcripts downstream of the soma-specific eft-3 promoter. wbmIs88 exhibits soma-specific dpy-10 and wrmScarlet expression driven the eft-3 promoter. Derived from parental strain WBM1143 by CRISPR-mediated modification of tissue-specific transgene. Reference: Silva-García CG, et al. G3 (Bethesda). 2019 Jul 9;9(7):2195-2198.
WBM1215 C. elegans wbmIs89 IV. Show Description
wbmIs89 [rab-3p::3xFLAG::dpy-10::SL2::wrmScarlet::rab-3 3'UTR, *wbmIs68] (IV:5015000). Superficially wild-type. SKI LODGE system allows for CRISPR knock-in of single-copy transcripts downstream of the neuron-specific rab-3 promoter. wbmIs68 exhibits neuron-specific dpy-10 and wrmScarlet expression driven the rab-3 promoter. Derived from parental strain WBM1144 by CRISPR-mediated modification of tissue-specific transgene. Reference: Silva-García CG, et al. G3 (Bethesda). 2019 Jul 9;9(7):2195-2198.
WBM1339 C. elegans wbmIs118 I. Show Description
wbmIs118 [myo-3p::3XFLAG::rpl-22::SL2::wrmScarlet::unc-54 3'UTR, *wbmIs114] I. N-terminal 3x flag tagged RPL-22 ribosomal subunit expressed in muscle. wrmScarlet expression in muscle. Can be used for Single-copy Knock-In Translating Ribosome Immunoprecipitation (SKI TRIP) experiments. Derived by modification of wbmIs114. Reference: Wester LE, et al. Cell Rep. Methods 2023 3, 100433. 10.1016/j.crmeth.2023.100433
WBM1340 C. elegans wbmIs99 IV. Show Description
wbmIs99 [rab-3p::3xFLAG::rpl-22::SL2::wrmScarlet::rab-3 3'UTR, *wbmIs89] IV. N-terminal 3x flag tagged RPL-22 ribosomal subunit expressed in the nervous system. wrmScarlet expression in nervous system. Can be used for Single-copy Knock-In Translating Ribosome Immunoprecipitation (SKI TRIP) experiments. Derived by modification of wbmIs89. Reference: Wester LE, et al. Cell Rep. Methods 2023 3, 100433. 10.1016/j.crmeth.2023.100433