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Strain Species Genotype
ZM7419 C. elegans hpIs363. Show Description
hpIs363 [sra-11p::ChR2::YFP + ttx-3p::RFP]. YFP expression in AVA. RFP expression in AIY. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM7465 C. elegans hpIs321; hpIs331; ljIs131. Show Description
hpIs321 [nmr-1p::miniSOG::UrSL2::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. hpIs331 [lgc-55p::miniSOG::UrSL2::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. ljIs131 [myo-3p::GCaMP3::UrSL2::tagRFP-T]. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM7646 C. elegans unc-77(gk9); nca-2(gk5); hpIs166; hpEx3197. Show Description
hpIs166 [glr-1p::chop-2(H134R)::YFP + lin-15(+)]. YFP expression in glr-1 interneurons. hpEx3197 [sto-6p::ATG::nca-1 + nca-1::GFP + odr-1p::GFP]. Pick animals with GFP in cholinergic neurons to maintain. Body curvature becomes deeper in some transgenic animals. Reference: Gao S, et al. 2015 Nature Communications 6, Article number: 6323.
ZM7648 C. elegans unc-77(gk9); nca-2(gk5); hpIs166; hpEx3195. Show Description
hpIs166 [glr-1p::chop-2(H134R)::YFP + lin-15(+)]. YFP expression in glr-1 interneurons. hpEx3195 [unc-25p::ATG::nca-1 + nca-1::GFP + odr-1p::GFP]. Pick animals with GFP in GABAergic neurons to maintain. Reference: Gao S, et al. 2015 Nature Communications 6, Article number: 6323.
ZM7656 C. elegans hpIs365. Show Description
hpIs365 [unc-25p::GCaMP3::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. RFP expression in motor neurons. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM7691 C. elegans hpIs371. Show Description
hpIs371 [unc-4p::tomm20::miniSOG::SL2::RFP + lin-15(+)]. MiniSOG neuron ablation marker for A-class (A-MNs) and other motor neurons. Reference: Gao S, et al. eLife 2018 Jan 23;7:e29915. PMID: 29360035
ZM7696 C. elegans hpIs376. Show Description
hpIs376 [unc-25p::tomm20::miniSOG::SL2::RFP]. Maintain in the covered box to avoid unnecessary exposure to ambient light. Stimulation with blue light (460 nm LED light for 30 min at 4 Hz with 2 mW/mm2), induces mitochondrial-miniSOG ablation of D-class motor neurons. During neuron ablation, it is recommended to keep the lid of the plate open and use a heat disipator to keep the air cool. Generated in N2 background. Reference: Gao S, et al. eLife 2018 Jan 23;7:e29915. doi: 10.7554/eLife.29915.
ZM7765 C. elegans unc-77(gk9); nca-2(gk5); hpIs166; hpEx3239. Show Description
hpIs166 [glr-1p::chop-2(H134R)::YFP + lin-15(+)]. YFP expression in glr-1 interneurons. hpEx3239 [lgc-55p::nca-1::GFP + nmr-1p::ATG::nca-1 + nca-1::GFP + myo-2p::RFP]. Pick RFP+ to maintain. Reference: Gao S, et al. 2015 Nature Communications 6, Article number: 6323.
ZM7963 C. elegans hpDf761 II; daf-28(tm2308) V. Show Description
Temperature-sensitive Daf-c. Maintain at 15C. hpDf761 removes ins-4, ins-5, and ins-6. Reference: Hung WL, et al. Development. 2014 Apr;141(8):1767-79.
ZM8230 C. elegans ubr-1(hp684) I. Show Description
hp684(Q1864X) mutant animals generate reversal movement with little flexing of the posterior body, and the stiffness is prominent during prolonged reversals. This phenotype is progressive, and most prominent when animals develop from the L4 stage larvae into adults. Reference: Chitturi JH, et al. PLoS Genetics. 2018;14(4):e1007303.
ZM8428 C. elegans hpIs459. Show Description
hpIs459 [unc-4p::GCaMP3::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. Strong GCaMP3 and wCherry expression in A-class motor neurons, as well as some head and tail neurons. It is recommended to use L4 stage animals when using this strain for calcium imaging and recording. Transgene expression becomes dimmer in many A-class neurons (except DA9), and is expression in VC neurons of adults. Reference: Gao S, et al. eLife, 7, e29915. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.29915 PMID: 29360035
ZM8561 C. elegans daf-2(m596) III; hpEx2906. Show Description
hpEx2906 [myo-2p::RFP + rgef-1p::daf-2]. Transgenic worms dauer easily. Pick RFP+ animals to maintain. [NOTE: (07-14-2015) The genotype of this strain was incorrectly reported as daf-2(e1370), but is in fact daf-2(m596).] References: Hung W, et al. EMBO J. 2013 Jun 12;32(12):1745-60. Hung W, et al. Development. 2014 Apr;141(8):1767-79.
ZM8562 C. elegans daf-2(m596) III; hpEx3369. Show Description
hpEx3369 [myo-2p::RFP + ges-1p(short)::daf-2]. Transgenic worms do not dauer. Pick RFP+ animals to maintain. [NOTE: (07-14-2015) The genotype of this strain was incorrectly reported as daf-2(e1370), but is in fact daf-2(m596).] References: Hung W, et al. EMBO J. 2013 Jun 12;32(12):1745-60. Hung W, et al. Development. 2014 Apr;141(8):1767-79.
ZM8614 C. elegans hpIs372; hpIs365. Show Description
hpIs372 [acr-5p::miniSOG::SL2::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. hpIs365 [unc-25p::GCaMP3::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. Red fluorescence in motor neurons. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM8615 C. elegans hpIs371; hpIs365. Show Description
hpIs371 [unc-4p::miniSOG::SL2::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. hpIs365 [unc-25p::GCaMP3::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. Red fluorescence in motor neurons. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM8874 C. elegans daf-16(mu86) I; daf-2(e1370) III; hpEx3371. Show Description
hpEx3371 [rgef-1p::GFP::daf-16a::unc-54 3' UTR + myo-2p::mCherry]. Pick RFP+ and keep at 15C to maintain. Can be kept at 20C, but some animals will form dauers. Transgenic animals have GFP in gut and RFP in pharynx and will form dauers at 25C. Non-transgenic animals are dauer-defective (Daf-d). Reference: Hung WL. et al., Development (2014) 141 (8): 1767–1779.
ZM8958 C. elegans hpIs569. Show Description
hpIs569 [unc-4::Chrimson::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. Marker for optogenetic stimulation in A-class (A-MNs) and other motor neurons. Reference: Gao S, et al. eLife 2018 Jan 23;7:e29915. PMID: 29360035
ZM8969 C.elegans flp-14(gk1055) III. Show Description
Sluggish, flat, slightly sterile. Derived by out-crossing parental strain VC1957. Reference: Lim MA, et al. Elife. 2016 Nov 18;5:e19887. doi: 10.7554/eLife.19887. PMID: 27855782
ZM8988 C. elegans daf-2(m596) III; hpEx2908. Show Description
hpEx2908 [myo-2p::RFP + dpy-30p::daf-2]. Transgenic worms do not dauer. Pick RFP+ animals to maintain. [NOTE: (07-14-2015) The genotype of this strain was incorrectly reported as daf-2(e1370), but is in fact daf-2(m596).] References: Hung W, et al. EMBO J. 2013 Jun 12;32(12):1745-60. Hung W, et al. Development. 2014 Apr;141(8):1767-79.
ZM9028 C. elegans daf-2(m596) III; hpEx2905. Show Description
hpEx2905 [myo-2p::RFP + myo-3p::daf-2]. Pick RFP+ to maintain. Maintain at 15C. Temperature sensitive dauer constitutive. [NOTE: (07-14-2015) The genotype of this strain was incorrectly reported as daf-2(e1370), but is in fact daf-2(m596).] References: Hung W, et al. EMBO J. 2013 Jun 12;32(12):1745-60. Hung W, et al. Development. 2014 Apr;141(8):1767-79.
ZM9078 C. elegans hpIs587. Show Description
hpIs587 [flp-14p::GCaMP6::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. CGaMP6 and wCherry expressed in RID, ALA, some head neurons, a mid-body neuron and a tail neuron. Reference: Lim et al., 2016. Elife 5. pii: e19887. doi: 10.7554/eLife.19887.
ZM9123 C. elegans hpIs590. Show Description
hpIs590 [ttr-39p::tomm20::miniSOG::SL2::BFP]. Maintain in the covered box to avoid unnecessary exposure to ambient light. Stimulation with blue light (460 nm LED light for 30 min at 4 Hz with 2 mW/mm2), induces mitochondrial-miniSOG ablation of D-class motor neurons. Generated in N2 background. Reference: Gao S, et al. eLife 2018 Jan 23;7:e29915. doi: 10.7554/eLife.29915.
ZM9128 C. elegans hpIs595. Show Description
hpIs595 [acr-2(s)p::GCaMP6s::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. Red fluorescence in motor neurons. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM9172 C. elegans unc-25(e156) III; ljIs131. Show Description
ljIs131 [myo-3p::GCaMP3::UrSL2::tagRFP-T]. Shrinker. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM9313 C. elegans hpIs625; ljIs131. Show Description
hpIs625 [ttr-39p::Arch::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. ljIs131 [myo-3p::GCaMP3::UrSL2::tagRFP-T]. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM9429 C. elegans zxIs6; ljIs131. Show Description
zxIs6 [unc-17p::ChR2::YFP + lin-15(+)]. ljIs131 [myo-3p::GCaMP3::UrSL2::tagRFP-T]. Body contracts and coils dorsally upon blue light illumination on ATR plates. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM9441 C. elegans daf-16(mu86) I; daf-2(e1370) III; hpEx3370. Show Description
hpEx3370 [dpy-30p::daf-16a::unc-54 3' UTR + myo-2p::mCherry]. Pick RFP+ and keep at 15C to maintain. Can be kept at 20C, but some animals will form dauers. Transgenic strain expressing DAF-16A isoform from pan-tissue dpy-30 promoter. Transgenic animals have RFP in pharynx and will form dauers at 25C. Non-transgenic animals are dauer-defective (Daf-d). Reference: Hung WL. et al., Development (2014) 141 (8): 1767–1779.
ZM9442 C. elegans daf-16(mu86) I; daf-2(e1370) III; hpEx3373. Show Description
hpEx3373 [ges-1p::GFP::daf-16a::unc-54 3' UTR + myo-2p::mCherry]. Pick RFP+ and keep at 15C to maintain. Can be kept at 20C, but some animals will form dauers. Transgenic animals have GFP in gut and RFP in pharynx and will form dauers at 25C. Non-transgenic animals will not form dauers. Reference: Hung WL. et al., Development (2014) 141 (8): 1767–1779.
ZM9443 C. elegans daf-16(mu86) I; daf-2(e1370) III; hpEx3507. Show Description
hpEx3507 [ges-1p::GFP::daf-16d/f::unc-54 3' UTR + myo-2p::mCherry]. Pick RFP+ and keep at 15C to maintain. Can be kept at 20C, but some animals will form dauers. Transgenic animals have GFP in gut and RFP in pharynx and will form dauers at 25C. Non-transgenic animals will not form dauers. Reference: Hung WL. et al., Development (2014) 141 (8): 1767–1779.
ZM9444 C. elegans daf-16(mu86) I; daf-2(e1370) III; hpEx3508. Show Description
hpEx3508 [ges-1p::daf-16a,d&f + myo-2p::RFP]. Pick RFP+ and keep at 15C to maintain. Can be kept at 20C, but some animals will form dauers. ges-1 promoter drives expression DAF-16A,D&F transgene in intestine. Transgenic animals have RFP in pharynx and will form dauers at 25C. Non-transgenic animals are dauer-defective (Daf-d). Reference: Hung WL. et al., Development (2014) 141 (8): 1767–1779.
ZM9519 C. elegans flp-14(gk1055) III; hpSi38; hpIs201. Show Description
hpSi38 [flp-14(+) + NeoR]. hpIs201[ceh-10p::GFP + lin-15(+)]. GFP expression in RID neuron. Neomycin-resistant. hpSi38 is a single copy miniMos insertion a wild-type genomic fragment containing flp-14 and fully rescues the flp-14 mutant behavioral defects and RID axon defects. Reference: Lim MA, et al. Elife. 2016 Nov 18;5:e19887. doi: 10.7554/eLife.19887. PMID: 27855782
ZM9551 C. elegans hpIs593; ljIs131. Show Description
hpIs593 [ttr-39p::Chrimson::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. ljIs131 [myo-3p::GCaMP3::UrSL2::tagRFP-T]. D motor neuron activation and muscle relaxation upon illumination with green light. Muscle activity measured by GCaMP3. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM9573 C. elegans unc-25(e156) III; zxIs6; ljIs131. Show Description
zxIs6 [unc-17p::ChR2::YFP + lin-15(+)]. ljIs131 [myo-3p::GCaMP3::UrSL2::tagRFP-T]. Shrinker. Cholinergic activation. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM9624 C. elegans lin-15(n765) X; hpIs675. Show Description
hpIs675 [rgef-1p::GCaMP6s::3xNLS::mNeptune + lin-15(+)]. Worms express GCaMP6s and mNeptune in all neuronal nuclei. Pan-neuronal imaging strain; suitable for rapid whole-brain imaging due to brightness, good signal to noise ratio, and relative resistance to photo-bleaching. Reference: Susoy V, et al. Cell. 2021 Sep 30;184(20):5122-5137.e17. PMID: 34534446
ZM9648 C. elegans hpIs673; ljIs131. Show Description
hpIs673 [rgef-1p::Chrimson::UrSL2::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. ljIs131 [myo-3p::GCaMP3::UrSL2::tagRFP-T]. All neurons are marked with red fluorescence. Pan-neuronal activation and muscle contraction upon green light illumination with ATR. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZM9660 C. elegans unc-25(e156) III; hpIs673; ljIs131. Show Description
hpIs673 [rgef-1p::Chrimson::UrSL2::wCherry + lin-15(+)]. ljIs131 [myo-3p::GCaMP3::UrSL2::tagRFP-T]. Shrinker. All neurons are marked with red fluorescence. Pan-neuronal activation and muscle contraction upon green light illumination with ATR. Reference: Lu Y, et al. 2022. Current Biology (In Press).
ZR1 C. elegans rbr-2(tm1231) IV. Show Description
648 bp deletion (confirmed). About 80% of animals show defects in vulval development (Muv or Vul).
ZR2 C. elegans jmjd-3.1(gk384) X. Show Description
Gonadal enlargement and aberrant gonad migration. Phenotype evident at 25C.
ZT2 C. elegans drh-3(fj52) I/hT2 [bli-4(e937) let-?(q782) qIs48] (I;III). Show Description
Heterozygotes are WT. drh-3 homozygotes are sterile. the fj52 mutation deletes a 405 bp region including the promoter, the first exon and half of the second exon. The deletion can be checked by PCR with the following primers: TTTATTGATTCCGCCGTTGCTC and TGCAGCTCCAGCCACTCTATCA. The fj52 mutation was isolated from a deletion mutant libray of the K. Nishiwaki group. Homozygous hT2[bli-4 let-? qIs48] inviable.
ZT24 C. elegans vsra-1(tm1637) I; fjSi3 II. Show Description
fjSi3 [HA_2×FLAG::C04F12.1 + Cbr-unc-119(+)] II. Single-copy insertion in the MosSCI locus ttTi5605 (LG II). The HA_2×FLAG::C04F12.1 transgene was designed to express a protein with an HA tag and a double FLAG tag inserted after S21 of C04F12.1. The linker sequence between the HA tag and the double FLAG tag has a NotI site. The insertion can be checked by PCR with the following primers: GGAGCCGATTTGTTCCAGTC (at the 3'-side of C04F12.1) and ATCGGGAGGCGAACCTAACTG (near ttTi5605 on LG II). vsra-1 is also known as csr-2/C04F12.1. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.
ZT29 C. elegans cec-4(ok3124) cec-5(fj58) IV. Show Description
Maintain at 20C or lower. The cec-4 cec-5 double mutant exhibits partial sterility and no significant defects in chromosome segregation. The chromodomain proteins CEC-4 and CEC-5 are phylogenetically similar to CEC-8. ok3124 is a 374-bp deletion located in the region of the gene corresponding to the N-terminus of CEC-4 (F32E10.2). The ok3124 deletion can be detected by PCR with the following primers: CAATTAAAATGCCAGTGCGA and TTTAGGATGCATTATGGGGC. fj58 is a 398-bp deletion located in the gene region corresponding to the N-terminus of CEC-5 (F32E10.6). The fj58 deletion can be detected by PCR with the following primers: GCAAAGAAATCATCCGGTAGTG and CTTTGTAGCAACAGGCTCCTC. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.
ZT3 C. elegans csr-1(fj54) IV/nT1 [qIs51] (IV;V). Show Description
Heterozygotes are wild-type with pharyngeal GFP signal, and segregate WT GFP, arrested nT1[qIs51] aneuploids, and non-GFP csr-1(fj54) homozygotes (sterile, but some animals lay a small number of dead eggs). Homozygous nT1[qIs51] inviable. Pick WT GFP and check for correct segregation of progeny to maintain. The fj54 mutation deletes a 524 bp region including half of the second exon, the third exon, and almost all of the fourth exon, causing a frame shift to stop the translation of both PAZ and Piwi domains. The deletion can be checked by PCR with the following primers: AAGAAATACCAATGCGGAGGCA and TTCACGGCTCTTTGCAGTTTCA.
ZT31 C. elegans cec-4(ok3124) cec-5(fj61) him-8(e1489) IV. Show Description
Maintain at 20C or lower. Him. cec-4 cec-5 him-8 triple mutants exhibit partial sterility. The intensity of histone H3K9me2 on meiotic chromosomes is reduced. ok3124 deletion can be detceted by PCR with the following primers: CAATTAAAATGCCAGTGCGA and TTTAGGATGCATTATGGGGC. fj61 is a 444-bp deletion located in the region of the gene corresponding to the N-terminus of CEC-5 (F32E10.6). The fj61 deletion can be detected by PCR with the following primers: GCAAAGAAATCATCCGGTAGTG and CTTTGTAGCAACAGGCTCCTC. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.
ZT33 C. elegans cec-8(fj63) III. Show Description
No apparent phenotype. The chromodomain protein CEC-8 is phylogenetically similar to CEC-5 and CEC-4. fj63 is a 14-bp deletion located in the region of the gene corresponding to the N-terminus of CEC-8 (Y55B1BR.3). The fj63 deletion can be detected by PCR with the following primers: GCTGTATAATACTCACTATGTC and TCCAGCTCTGTAACCTTGAA. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.
ZT34 C. elegans cec-8(fj63) III; cec-4(ok3124) cec-5(fj58) IV. Show Description
Maintain at 20C or lower. cec-8; cec-4 cec-5 triple mutants exhibit partial sterility and no significant defects in chromosome segregation. The chromodomain proteins CEC-5, CEC-4, and CEC-8 are phylogenetically similar to each other. The deletions can be detected by PCR with the following primers: cec-8(fj63): GCTGTATAATACTCACTATGTC and TCCAGCTCTGTAACCTTGAA; cec-4(ok3124): CAATTAAAATGCCAGTGCGA and TTTAGGATGCATTATGGGGC; cec-5(fj58): GCAAAGAAATCATCCGGTAGTG and CTTTGTAGCAACAGGCTCCTC. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.
ZT35 C. elegans cec-8(fj63) III; cec-4(ok3124) cec-5(fj61) him-8(e1489) IV. Show Description
Maintain at 20C or lower. Him. The cec-8; cec-4 cec-5 him-8 quadruple mutant exhibits partial sterility. The intensity of histone H3K9me2 on meiotic chromosomes is reduced. The deletions can be detected by PCR with the following primers: cec-8(fj63): GCTGTATAATACTCACTATGTC and TCCAGCTCTGTAACCTTGAA; cec-4(ok3124): CAATTAAAATGCCAGTGCGA and TTTAGGATGCATTATGGGGC; cec-5(fj58): GCAAAGAAATCATCCGGTAGTG and CTTTGTAGCAACAGGCTCCTC. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.
ZT36 C. elegans ego-1(om58) I/hT2 [bli-4(e937) let-?(q782) qIs48] (I;III). Show Description
Heterozygotes are WT and GFP+ and segregate WT GFP+ heterozygotes, non-GFP ego-1 homozygotes (sterile with inaccurate homologous pairing of meiotic chromosomes), very rare GFP+ homozygous hT2, and dead eggs. Maintain by picking wild-type GFP+. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.
ZT46 C. elegans csr-1(fj67) IV/nT1 [qIs51] (IV;V). Show Description
Heterozygotes are wild-type with pharyngeal GFP signal, and segregate WT GFP, arrested nT1[qIs51] aneuploids, and non-GFP csr-1(fj67) homozygotes (sterile, but some animals lay a small number of dead eggs). Homozygous nT1[qIs51] inviable. Pick WT GFP and check for correct segregation of progeny to maintain. Intracellular localization of CSR-1 is abnormal in the csr-1(fj67) homozygotes. fj67 is a 60-bp in-frame deletion of the first lysine-rich region (KQKDNFILLDILLKQWAAKK) in CSR-1. The first lysine-rich region in the WT has a FokI site. The deletion can be checked by PCR with the following primers: CACCTGTGATTTTTCGGGGAAC and TGGATTCCTTTTGCTGCAACAG, followed by digestion with FokI. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.
ZT47 C. elegans csr-1(fj70) IV/nT1 [qIs51] (IV;V). Show Description
Heterozygotes are wild-type with pharyngeal GFP signal, and segregate WT GFP, arrested nT1[qIs51] aneuploids, and non-GFP csr-1(fj70) homozygotes (sterile, but some animals lay a small number of dead eggs). Homozygous nT1[qIs51] inviable. Pick WT GFP and check for correct segregation of progeny to maintain. fj70 is a D769L mutation that renders CSR-1 (an Argonaute protein) catalytically defective and generates a new SphI site. The fj70 mutation can be checked by PCR with the following primers: TACACGTGGATGATGAGAAG and TCGTCCGAAACTTCCTCATC, followed by digestion with SphI. Homozygous nT1[qIs51] inviable. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.
ZT49 C. elegans ego-1(fj114[PA::ego-1]) I. Show Description
Four amino-acid residues (G24–V27) near the N-terminus of EGO-1 were replaced with a PA-tag sequence (GVAMPGAEDDVV derived from human podoplanin) in the endogenous ego-1 gene. The PA-tag insertion can be checked by PCR with the following primers: TTCAAAATGCCGCTGCCTTC and GTCCTCTTCGCATCTTTATCAG, followed by digestion with Sau96I. The wild-type ego-1 gene contains a Sau96I site within its PCR region, while the PA-tagged ego-1 does not. This strain was used for immunofluorescence analysis of EGO-1. Reference: Tabara H, et al. (2023) A small RNA system ensures accurate homologous pairing and unpaired silencing of meiotic chromosomes. EMBO J, e105002.